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Analogies are more than just clever word puzzles; they are powerful tools that can enhance your cognitive skills, improve your vocabulary, and sharpen your reasoning abilities. Whether you are a student aiming to excel in exams or an educator looking to make your lessons more engaging, understanding and mastering analogies can give you a significant edge. Analogies draw parallels between two seemingly unrelated concepts, helping you understand new ideas by relating them to familiar ones. This process not only enhances your problem-solving skills but also boosts your ability to think critically and creatively. For students, analogies are invaluable in standardized tests like the SAT, GRE, and GMAT, where they often feature prominently. For educators, incorporating analogies into your teaching toolkit can make complex subjects more accessible and enjoyable for your students. By understanding and practicing analogies, you are setting yourself up for academic success and intellectual growth. Whether you are a student eager to excel or an educator passionate about teaching, analogies can be a game-changer in your learning journey.

Learning Objectives

In this lesson, you will focus on the following objective:
  • Understanding analogies.


Literature Connection

When John Donne compared the bond between human beings to the relationship between an island and the mainland, he created one of the most famous analogies in all of literature.

“No man is an island, entire of itself; every man is a piece of the continent, a part of the main.”

—John Donne, from “Meditation 17”

An analogy is a comparison based on a similarity between things that are otherwise dissimilar. To complete an analogy on a test, you must select from a list the pair of words that represents the same relationship as is in the first pair.


A good strategy for completing analogies is to make up a sentence in which a clear relationship exists between the ideas represented in the first pair of words:

                stanza : poem :: 
                a. flag : anthem                 c. mural : painting 
                b. room : building             d. program : recital

To determine the relationship represented by the first pair of words, you might use them in a sentence like this one: “A stanza is a division of a poem.” Only pair b could also work in the sentence you created: “A room is a division of a building.”

Analogies can be based on a variety of relationships.

Relationship Example
Association or usage A farmer is associated with or uses a plow.
Part/whole A needle is a part of a compass.
Example/class Asia is a continent.
Synonym or antonym Affliction is a synonym for suffering.


Analogies Quiz

Complete the following analogies.

10 Word Analogy Quizzes to Enhance Your Brain

Are you ready to take your cognitive skills to the next level? Introducing our Ultimate Analogy Challenge series – a set of ten meticulously crafted quizzes designed to enhance your reasoning, vocabulary, and analytical abilities. Analogies are more than just word games; they are mental exercises that sharpen your mind and improve your problem-solving skills. Whether you're a student, a professional, or a lifelong learner, these quizzes offer a fun and engaging way to boost your brainpower. Dive in and discover how well you can decipher the relationships between words and concepts!
Mr. ‏El-Sayed Ramadan ‎ ‎


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