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Short Vowels Activities - Grade 6


Short Vowels

Explore the world of short vowels with our comprehensive guide. Understand pronunciation, usage, and the role they play in English language.

Embark on a linguistic adventure where brevity reigns supreme—welcome to the dynamic world of short vowel sounds! These pint-sized phonetic powerhouses are the unsung heroes of language, providing the foundation for reading, writing, and speaking. As we peel back the layers of complexity in the English language, we uncover the pivotal role that short vowels play in shaping our communication. Join us as we delve into the essence of these vowel sounds, exploring their unique characteristics and the profound impact they have on children's literacy. Prepare to be enlightened and entertained, as we decode the mysteries of short vowels in this captivating exploration. Phonics is fun!

Short vowel sounds can have multiple spelling patterns that students learning phonics should know. 
  • Short a vowel can be spelled with the letters a or ai (back, plaid). 
  • Short e vowel can be spelled with e and ea (bed, bread). 
  • Short o vowel can be spelled with o or a (top, want).

Short Vowels Pronunciation

In English, short vowels typically have the following pronunciations:

  • A as in apple (/æ/)
  • E as in elephant (/ɛ/)
  • I as in igloo (/ɪ/)
  • O as in octopus (/ɒ/ or /ɑ/ in American English)
  • U as in umbrella (/ʌ/)

These pronunciations can vary based on accent and regional dialects. Remember, practice makes perfect when it comes to pronunciation!


Short Vowels Fun Activity 1

Short Vowels Activity 2


Short Vowels Worksheets

More worksheets can be found here. 

How to teach short vowels?

Teaching short vowels can be an engaging and interactive process. Here are some strategies you can use:

  1. Begin with the names of the vowels: Start by introducing the five vowels (a, e, i, o, u) and their short sounds1.
  2. Differentiate between the vowels: Help students distinguish between the different vowel sounds1.
  3. Introduce word families for simple CVC words: CVC words are consonant-vowel-consonant words like ‘cat’, ‘hen’, ‘pin’, etc1.
  4. Use picture cues and key words: Visual aids can help students associate sounds with images.
  5. Use hand signals for each vowel sound: For example, biting an apple for ‘a’, making elephant ears for ‘e’, dotting the nose for ‘i’, making an ‘o’ shape with the mouth for ‘o’, and grabbing the tummy for 'u’.
  6. Provide frequent opportunities for practice: Regular practice with short vowel sounds can help reinforce learning.
  7. Engage children in activities: Activities that require them to listen for, identify, and produce short vowel sounds in new words can be very effective. This can include interactive games, such as vowel hopscotch, where they jump to spaces labeled with short vowel words, or sorting activities with objects or pictures that match short vowel sounds.
There are also several helpful videos online that provide tutorials on how to teach short vowel sounds. These videos often include demonstrations of teaching methods and provide additional resources for practice.

Remember, teaching short vowels is a gradual process and it’s important to be patient and consistent. Happy teaching! 😊

Short Vowels Videos

Here are some videos that can help you teach short vowels:

  1. The Short Vowel Song | Best Phonics: This video introduces the five short vowel sounds in English: a, e, i, o, and u. The video uses animated characters and words to illustrate the sounds and help learners practice them.

  2. Short Vowels Mix - aeiou (five videos) - Phonics songs: This video is a mix of five songs that teach the short vowel sounds of a, e, i, o, and u. Each song shows how to pronounce the letter and gives examples of words that have the short vowel sound.

  3. These Are the Short Vowel Sounds Jack Hartmann: This video identifies the short vowels and their sounds. It also provides an object that starts with each of the short vowels.

These videos are engaging and interactive, making learning fun and effective. Happy teaching! 😊

Short Vowels Games

Mr. ‏El-Sayed Ramadan ‎ ‎


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