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Prepositional Phrases


Prepositional Phrases

Prepositional Phrases

A prepositional phrase includes a preposition, the object of the preposition, and any modifiers of that object.

Common prepositions include to, with, before, off, next to, and in spite of.

  • In the brightly lit room, Eric and Amy practiced the waltz step. [The prepositional phrase tells where the waltz step was practiced. The phrase begins with the preposition In.] 
  • The rhythm of waltz music swings along happily. [The prepositional phrase tells which rhythm the sentence describes. The phrase begins with the preposition of.]

A phrase is a group of related words that is used as a single part of speech.
A phrase will not have both a verb and its subject.

The object of a preposition may be compound.

  • The book I’m reading is about an old man and the sea. [Man and sea are objects of the preposition about.]

Adjective Phrases

There are two types of prepositional phrases: adjective phrases and adverb phrases.

A prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or a pronoun is called an adjective phrase.

Like single-word adjectives, adjective phrases modify nouns or pronouns and often follow the word or words they modify.
Adjective phrases answer the questions What kind(s)? and Which one(s)?

  • Micah likes movies about real-life heroes. [The adjective phrase about real-life heroes modifies the noun movies. It tells what kind of movies Micah likes to watch.] 
  • One movie starred a hero in a red, white, and blue costume with stars. [The adjective phrase with stars modifies costume, telling what kind of costume. The adjective phrase in a red, white, and blue costume tells which one about the noun hero.]

Adverb Phrases

A prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb is called an adverb phrase.

Like single-word adverbs, adverb phrases modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They answer these questions: How? When? Where? Why? To what extent? How far? How long? More than one adverb phrase may be used to add specific information to a sentence.

  • Janette sprinkled dried basil into the sauce and stirred it. [The prepositional phrase into the sauce tells where Janette sprinkled the basil. The phrase modifies the verb sprinkled.] 
  • In her garden, she grows basil from seeds. [The prepositional phrase In her garden tells where the basil grows, and the phrase from seeds tells how the basil is grown. Both phrases modify the verb grows.] 
  • Which of these ties is most appropriate for the occasion? [The prepositional phrase for the occasion tells how the tie is appropriate. The phrase modifies the adjective appropriate.]

Prepositional Phrases Quiz

Decide whether the underlined prepositional phrase is an adjective phrase or adverb phrase.

Mr. ‏El-Sayed Ramadan ‎ ‎


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