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Degrees of Comparison

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Degrees of Comparison

Irregular Comparison

Regular Comparison

Modifiers change form to show comparison.

The three degrees of comparison are the positive, the comparative, and the superlative.

(1) Most one-syllable modifiers form the comparative degree by adding –er and the superlative degree by adding –est.

  POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
ONE SYLLABLE loud louder loudest


(2) Two-syllable modifiers may form the comparative degree by adding –er and the superlative degree by adding –est, or they may form the comparative degree by using more and the superlative degree by using most.

  POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
 TWO SYLLABLES  sunny  sunnier, more sunny  sunniest, most sunny


(3) Modifiers that have three or more syllables form the comparative degree by using more and the superlative degree by using most.

  POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
 THREE SYLLABLES

 dramatic

 more dramatic  most dramatic


(4) To show a decrease in the qualities they express, modifiers form the comparative degree by using less and the superlative degree by using least.

  POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
 DECREASING

fragile

 less fragile  least fragile

Irregular Comparison

Some modifiers are irregular. They do not form the comparative and superlative degrees with the usual methods.

  POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
 EXAMPLES

 bad

 worse  worst

good

better best

many

more
most
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Mr. ‏El-Sayed Ramadan ‎ ‎

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