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A conjunction joins words or word groups.

Coordinating and Correlative Conjunctions

A coordinating conjunction joins words or word groups that are used in the same way.
The coordinating conjunctions are
and yet.

  • In the morning, the team jogs and does sit-ups. [And joins two verbs, jogs and does.] 
  • Your keys are in your purse or on the table. [Or joins two phrases, in your purse and on the table.] 
  • It’s raining, so the seats are wet. [So joins two clauses, It’s raining and the seats are wet.]

Coordinating Conjunctions Quizizz Quiz

Correlative conjunctions are pairs of conjunctions that join words or word groups that are used in the same way. 
The correlative conjunctions are
both . . . and,
either . . . or,
neither . . . nor,
not only . . . but also,
and whether . . . or.

  • Both Tiffany and Russell are from Denver. [Both . . . and joins two nouns, Tiffany and Russell.] 
  • Not only did we discover a boat, but we also found oars and a life preserver. [Not only . . . but also joins two clauses, did we discover a boat and we found oars and a life preserver.]

Correlative Conjunctions Quizizz Quiz

Subordinating Conjunctions

A subordinating conjunction begins a subordinate clause and connects that clause to an independent clause.
Some commonly used subordinating conjunctions are
in order that,
so that, unless,
and while.

  • We left early because the weather was bad. [Because begins the subordinate clause because the weather was bad and connects it to the independent clause.] 
  • If the weather is bad, we’ll leave early. [If introduces the subordinate clause If the weather is bad. The subordinate clause is connected to the independent clause.]

Subordinating Conjunctions Quizizz Quiz

Directions: Read each sentence. Determine which one of your answer choices is used as a subordinating conjunction.

Conjunctions Quiz

Choose what type is the bold conjunction.


So, let's talk about conjunctions! What are they exactly? Well, a conjunction is a word that joins words or word groups together. It's like the glue that holds things in a sentence.

Now, there are different types of conjunctions we can explore. One type is coordinating conjunctions. These are used to join words or groups of words that are used in the same way. Some examples of coordinating conjunctions are "and," "but," "or," "so," and "yet." They help us connect ideas smoothly. For instance, we can say, "In the morning, the team jogs and does sit-ups." See how "and" joins the verbs "jogs" and "does"? It's a coordinating conjunction doing its job!

But wait, there's more! We also have correlative conjunctions. These are special pairs of conjunctions that join similar words or word groups. Examples include "both...and," "either...or," "neither...nor," "not only...but also," and "whether...or." They work together to connect things in a balanced way. For example, we can say, "Both Tiffany and Russell are from Denver." Here, "both...and" joins the names Tiffany and Russell.

Lastly, we have subordinating conjunctions. These little fellows begin subordinate clauses and connect them to independent clauses. They help show relationships between different parts of a sentence. Some common subordinating conjunctions are "after," "because," "if," "while," and "when." For instance, we can say, "We left early because the weather was bad." In this case, "because" is the subordinating conjunction that connects the reason (the subordinate clause) to the action of leaving early (the independent clause).


Q: What is a conjunction?
A: A conjunction is a word that joins words, phrases, clauses, or sentences together. Common conjunctions include and, but, or, yet, so, because, although, since, etc.

Q: What are the types of conjunctions?
A: The main types of conjunctions are coordinating conjunctions (and, but, or), correlative conjunctions (either/or, neither/nor), and subordinating conjunctions (because, although, since).

Q: Where do conjunctions go in a sentence?
A: Conjunctions like and, but, and or go between the words, phrases, or clauses they connect. Subordinating conjunctions introduce dependent clauses and go at the start of the clause.


  1. The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th Edition, University of Chicago Press, 2017.
  2. Garner's Modern English Usage, 4th Edition by Bryan A. Garner, Oxford University Press, 2016.
  3. The Penguin Guide to Punctuation by R.L. Trask, Penguin Books, 1997.
  4. The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation, 11th Edition by Jane Straus, Jossey-Bass, 2014.
  5. Dreyer's English: An Utterly Correct Guide to Clarity and Style by Benjamin Dreyer, Random House, 2019.
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