Simple Present

Home

Simple Present

Simple Present

Form:

We form the present tense using the base form of the infinitive. Run, come, buy, learn.

In general, we add 'S' in the third person.

Simple Present

The spelling for the verb in the third person differs depending on the ending of that verb:

1. For verbs that end in -O, -CH, -SH, -SS, -X, or -Z we add -ES in the third person.

  • go – goes
  • catch – catches
  • wash – washes
  • kiss – kisses
  • fix – fixes
  • buzz – buzzes
2. For verbs that end in a consonant + Y, we remove the Y and add -IES. 

  • marry – marries
  • study – studies
  • carry – carries
  • worry – worries
NOTE: For verbs that end in a vowel + Y, we just add -S.
  • play – plays
  • enjoy – enjoys

Use

The simple present tense is used to describe an action that is regular, true or normal.

We use the present tense:

1. For repeated or regular actions in the present time period.
  • I take the train to work everyday.
  • The train to London leaves every hour.
  • Prince sleeps eight hours every night during the week.
2. For facts.
  • The President of The USA lives in The White House.
  • A Cat has four legs.
  • We come from Germany.
3. For habits.
  • I get up early every day.
  • Sunny brushes his teeth twice a day.
  • They travel to Bochum every weekend.
4. For things that are always / generally true.
  • It rains a lot in winter.
  • The Queen of England lives in Buckingham Palace.
  • They speak Spanish at work.

Negative Sentences in the Simple Present Tense

To make a negative sentence in English we normally use Don't or Doesn't with all verbs EXCEPT To Be and Modal verbs (can, might, should etc.).

Affirmative: 
  • You speak French.
Negative: 
  • You don't speak French.
You will see that we add don't between the subject and the verb. We use Don't when the subject is I, you, we or they.

Affirmative: 
  • He speaks German.
Negative: 
  • He doesn't speak German.
When the subject is he, she or it, we add doesn't between the subject and the verb to make a negative sentence. Notice that the letter S at the end of the verb in the affirmative sentence (because it is in third person) disappears in the negative sentence. We will see the reason why below.

Negative Contractions

Don't
Doesn't = Does not
Isn't = Is not
Aren't = Are not
I don't like meat = I do not like meat.
  • You don't speak Arabic.
  • John doesn't speak Italian.
  • We don't have time for a rest.
  • It doesn't move.

Questions in the Simple Present Tense

1. With be, put am/ are/ is first
  • Are you Swedish?
2. With all other verbs, use do/does
  • Does it cost a lot?
3. With question words (who, what, where, how, etc.), add do/does to the question word
  • Where does he work? How do they get to work?
4. If the question word is the subject, do not use do / does.
  • Who works for a multinational?
5. Indirect questions can start with expressions such as,
Can i ask...?, Do you know...?, Could you tell me...?
  • Do you know where the report is?
Examples of Questions with Do and Does:

  • Do you need a dictionary?
  • Does Mary need a dictionary?
  • Do we have a meeting now?
  • Does it rain a lot in winter?
  • Do they want to go to the party?
  • Does he like pizza?
author-img
Mr. ‏El-Sayed Ramadan ‎ ‎

Comments

No comments
Post a Comment
    google-playkhamsatmostaqltradent