HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 17

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HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 17

HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 17

CONTEXT: Civilization


Before Aspirin: Medicine in the Middle Ages 

The other day I read something about the Black Death in the Middle Ages and wondered why so many people had died. Weren't there medicines in those days? And what were the doctors doing while people died by the thousands? After doing some research, I found these answers: not many and not much. I'm glad I wasn't around then, when medicine was not scientific. There were only six medical schools in Europe in the fourteenth century, and they taught medical procedures that were rather scary-and mostly ineffective. 

These ten Vocabulary Words will be used.
  1. Insolence
  2. Prone
  3. Diversion
  4. Decimated
  5. Purge
  6. Moderation
  7. Concession
  8. Flagrant
  9. Annihilate
  10. Evaded
Each word is provided with its syllables, pronunciation, part of speech, definition, examples, synonyms, and antonyms.


an·ni·hi·late
əəlāt
transitive verb
to destroy completely; reduce to ruin.
The plague nearly annihilated the population of the villages.
The locusts annihilated the crops.
The bombing annihilated whole sections of the city.
synonyms: eradicate, exterminate, obliterate, wreck
antonyms: create
con·ces·sion
kənseshən
noun
an act or instance of conceding, such as the granting of a right or privilege or the admitting of a point in an argument.
synonyms: acknowledgment, acquiescence, admission, grant
antonyms: denial
dec·i·mate
demāt
transitive verb
to destroy a large part or number of.
The barrage of arrows decimated the attacking army.
di·ver·sion
divurzhən
noun
an act or instance of turning aside or deflecting.
synonyms: deflection
e·vade
ivād
transitive verb
to avoid or escape by cleverness or trickery.
The fox evaded the pursuing dogs.
It's incredible that he was able to evade punishment time and time again.
synonyms: avoid, circumvent, dodge, elude, escape
antonyms: confront, face
fla·grant
flāgrənt
adjective
exceptionally or glaringly noticeable.
The audience tittered at the speaker's flagrant slip of the tongue.
in·so·lence
inləns
noun
rude or impudent behavior or speech.
The insolence with which he answered the police officer's questions only made the officer more suspicious of him.
synonyms: back talk, effrontery, guff, impertinence, impudence, lip, sass
antonyms: respectfulness
mod·er·a·tion
moshən
noun
the avoidance of excesses or extremes, especially in behavior.
Exercise should be done in moderation even though it is generally a good thing.
synonyms: self-control, self-restraint, temperance
antonyms: excess, immoderation
prone
prōn
adjective
inclined or disposed; tending (usually followed by "to").
prone to selfishness.
synonyms: apt, disposed, given, inclined, subject, tending
antonyms: immune, indisposed
purge
purj
transitive verb
to free or rid (usually followed by "of" or "from").
The mechanic purged the engine of excess fuel.
The dictator purged his party of those he deemed a risk to his authority.
synonyms: clear, rid
author-img
Mr. ‏El-Sayed Ramadan ‎ ‎

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