HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 30

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HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 30

HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 30

CONTEXT: The Environment
Moving Continents, If You Get My Drift 

When you look at a globe, you see that the continents look like pieces of a jigsaw puzzle. It is easy to imagine that they could fit together. Many geologists believe that they once formed a single huge continent, which they call Pangea. According to those scientists, Pangea broke apart about 200 million years ago. The continents are s till drifting today, thanks to constantly shifting tectonic plates, or large crustal slabs. Although we can't see or feel the movement-except, of course, during earthquakes ­the continents are in motion. Where will they be in another 200 million years? 


These ten Vocabulary Words will be used.

  1. Negligible
  2. Sordid
  3. Protrude
  4. Carp
  5. Incendiary
  6. Caustic
  7. Scenario
  8. Transition
  9. Odious
  10. Coincidental
Each word is provided with its syllables, pronunciation, part of speech, definition, examples, synonyms, and antonyms.


carp 
kärp
intransitive verb
to complain and criticize constantly, especially about petty things.
She was tired of listening to him carp about his co-workers.
synonyms: cavil, complain, nag, nitpick, whine
caus·tic
kawstik
adjective
bitingly critical.
Her mother-in-law's caustic comments about her housekeeping always incensed her.
synonyms: biting, excoriating, mordant, pungent, sharp
antonyms: flattering, pleasing
co·in·ci·den·tal
insidentəl
adjective
of two things, occurring at the same time, or having some other correspondence, by chance and not as a result of a cause or motive.
The two suspected that their being seated next to each other at the table was not coincidental but part of a plan by their host.
synonyms: accidental, chance, unplanned
in·cen·di·ar·y
insenā
adjective
causing or having the potential to cause a fire.
The fire was not accidental but was started by an arsonist with an incendiary device.
neg·li·gi·ble
neglibəl
adjective
so small or unimportant as to be of no account; trifling or insignificant.
There's no reason to buy the more expensive brand because the difference between it and the cheaper one is negligible.
synonyms: insignificant, nugatory, paltry, picayune, piddling, slight, trifling, trivial
antonyms: acute, serious, severe, significant
o·di·ous
ōəs
adjective
provoking or deserving of hatred; loathsome or repellent.
Crime involving the elderly is particularly odious.
I can't stomach his odious opinions.
Her stepfather was an odious man who abused both her and her mother.
synonyms: abhorrent, abominable, despicable, detestable, execrable, loathsome, repellent
antonyms: delightful, pleasant
pro·trude
prōtrōōd
intransitive verb
to push or extend outward; project.
synonyms: jut, poke, project, stick out
sce·nar·i·o
nerēō[or]ō
noun
a detailed outline or summary of a play, film, or book.
I'm working on a scenario for a new play.
sor·did
sōrdid
adjective
morally bad; ignoble or base.
The massacre represents a sordid episode in our history.
synonyms: base, ignoble, shameful, squalid
antonyms: respectable
tran·si·tion
tranzishən
noun
a process of changing from one position, stage, or situation to another.
There were painful experiences during his transition from boyhood to manhood.
The nation's citizens hoped for a peaceful transition from dictatorship to democracy.
synonyms: passage

author-img
Mr. ‏El-Sayed Ramadan ‎ ‎

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