HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 26

Home

 HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 26

 HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 26

CONTEXT: The Environment 

More Than Spilled Milk: 11 Million Gallons of Oil in the Sea 

On the night of March 23, 1989, the Exxon Valdez, one of the largest oceangoing vessels in the world, hit Bligh Reef, off the coast of Alaska. This accident caused serious damage to the environment. The Valdez was carrying 53 million gallons of crude oil. When the bottom of the ship was ripped open by the reef, 11 million gallons spewed into Prince William Sound, a part of Alaska with a large wildlife population and beautiful scenery. This was just one of many severe oil tanker catastrophes that have occurred around the world. 

These ten Vocabulary Words will be used.

  1. abdicate
  2. episode
  3. inadvertent
  4. infallible
  5. itinerary
  6. naive
  7. rankle
  8. sardonic
  9. stimulant
  10. translucent

Each word is provided with its syllables, pronunciation, part of speech, definition, examples, synonyms, and antonyms.


ab·di·cate
abkāt
intransitive verb
to formally relinquish a position of power, a claim, or a right.
The ailing king was advised to abdicate.
antonyms: accede
ep·i·sode
esōd
noun
a single incident or event, or a related group of these, making up a segment in a life or a long narrative.
This episode in his life, in which he committed this offense and paid the price, is something he deeply regrets.
synonyms: affair, event, happening, incidence, incident, occurrence
in·ad·vert·ent
inədvurtənt
adjective
not planned or intended; unintentional.
Numerous inadvertent casualties occurred during the battle.
Later, he was embarrassed by his inadvertent outburst.
Her comment had been inadvertent, but it was the truth.
synonyms: accidental, unintended, unintentional, unthinking, unwitting
antonyms: deliberate, intentional
in·fal·li·ble
infalibəl
adjective
incapable of error.
The computer's calculation is considered infallible.
You are wrong if you think you're infallible; you're bound to make a mistake one day that you'll seriously regret.
antonyms: fallible
i·tin·er·ar·y
īti
noun
a travel route, or a plan for travel including a route, stopping places, and schedule.
I'll send you a copy of my itinerary as soon as all the reservations are final.
This stop was not on my itinerary.
na·ive (na·ïve)
ēv[or]ēv
adjective
simple, natural, and unsophisticated; lacking in suspicion.
Because children are naive, it is both easy and wrong to take advantage of them.
synonyms: simple-hearted, unsophisticated, unworldly
antonyms: cagey, canny, savvy, sophisticated, wary, worldly
ran·kle
rangkəl
intransitive verb
to cause continual bother or resentment.
The argument still rankles, though it happened last month.
sar·don·ic
särdonik
adjective
bitterly mocking; derisive; scornful.
Addressing the police detective in a sardonic tone, the suspect said, "You can't prove a thing, and you know it."
synonyms: derisive, mocking, sarcastic, scornful
stim·u·lant
stimlənt
noun
something that temporarily arouses or speeds up a physical or mental activity or process.
synonyms: stimulus
antonyms: tranquilizer
trans·lu·cent
tranzlōōsənt
adjective
permitting the diffused passage of light, so that images on the other side cannot be seen clearly.
translucent glass.
author-img
Mr. ‏El-Sayed Ramadan ‎ ‎

Comments

No comments
Post a Comment
    google-playkhamsatmostaqltradent