HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 23

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 HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 23

 HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 23

CONTEXT: The Environment

What Do We Owe the Environment? 

Humans are part of the ecosystem, everything that makes up the environment. Humans can appreci­ate and understand nature and value nature for what it gives them. Does this mean that humans have special responsibilities and obligations toward nature? What ethics-moral standards and values­ apply to people's responsibility to nature? These questions are explored in Environmental Ethics­Duties to and Values in the Natural World by Holmes Rolston III. 

These ten Vocabulary Words will be used.

  1. closure
  2. indifferent
  3. crony
  4. convene
  5. botch
  6. impact
  7. condole
  8. stipulate
  9. clientele
  10. momentum
Each word is provided with its syllables, pronunciation, part of speech, definition, examples, synonyms, and antonyms.


botch
boch
transitive verb
to spoil or ruin as a result of clumsy work or poor repairs; bungle.
He tried to install the water heater himself, but he botched the job and had to call in a professional.
synonyms: bollix up, bumble, bungle, butcher, flub, mess up, muck up
cli·en·tele
klīəntel
noun
the group of clients or customers served by a professional person or business.
He owns a hair salon with a wealthy clientele.
If you want to expand your clientele, you need to advertise.
clo·sure
klōzhər
noun
an ending or concluding.
At the closure of the meeting, there was still the feeling that nothing was settled.
synonyms: conclusion, termination, windup
con·dole
kəndōl
intransitive verb
to express sympathy or sorrow for one suffering misfortune or pain.
Many neighbors came to condole with the widow.
con·vene
kənvēn
intransitive verb
to gather or assemble, especially for a formal meeting.
The members of the council will discuss the matter when they convene next week.
synonyms: assemble, congregate, forgather, gather, meet
antonyms: adjourn
cro·ny
krō
noun
a close friend or companion; buddy.
He and his cronies are having their Friday night poker game.
synonyms: buddy, chum, comrade, friend, mate, pal, sidekick
im·pact
impakt
noun
the force of two objects or bodies colliding with each other.
The impact of the crash was strong enough to shake the building.
in·dif·fer·ent
indifərənt[or]indifrənt
adjective
lacking interest or concern; not caring.
The teacher did his best to make the topic interesting, but the students were mainly indifferent.
He'd always been a renegade, indifferent to the opinions of others.
She was madly in love with him, but he was indifferent to her.
synonyms: apathetic, unconcerned, uninterested
antonyms: avid, careful, concerned, enthusiastic, fond, heedful, impatient, interested, keen, zealous
mo·men·tum
mentəm
noun
strength or speed of movement; impetus.
His political campaign gained momentum as the other candidates revealed their weaknesses.
synonyms: impetus
stip·u·late
stiplāt
transitive verb
to specify or arrange as a condition of an agreement.
He has agreed to sell the property but has not yet stipulated a price.
The university clearly stipulates the criteria for a student's acceptance into its honors programs.
Did they stipulate how they wanted the money to be paid?
The mortgage lender stipulates that there must be insurance on the property before the loan will be granted.
synonyms: designate, fix, specify
author-img
Mr. ‏El-Sayed Ramadan ‎ ‎

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