HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 22

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 HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 22

 HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 22

CONTEXT: The Environment

Why Be an Environmentalist? 

A surprising letter for these environmentally aware times arrived recently at the newspaper's edito­rial office. A young woman asked, "Why should I be an environmentalist?" In thinking about how to respond to her question, our editorial writers recalled the start of the modern environmental movement. The publication in 1960 of Rachel Carson's book Silent Spring alerted society to the dangers of pesticides and the need to protect our environment. Our writers jotted down some thoughts about why it is still important to be an environmentalist today. Here are some of their thoughts. 

These ten Vocabulary Words will be used.

  1. Gloat
  2. Legacy
  3. Clangor
  4. Wheedled
  5. Patent
  6. Indict
  7. Patriarch
  8. Mortified
  9. Enjoin
  10. Livid
Each word is provided with its syllables, pronunciation, part of speech, definition, examples, synonyms, and antonyms.


clang·or
klangər[or]klanggər
noun
a clear, resonant sound or ring; clang.
en·join
injoyn
transitive verb
to order or recommend emphatically.
They enjoined absolute secrecy until the unveiling of the painting.
The commandment enjoins us to honor the Sabbath.
gloat
glōt
intransitive verb
to feel or express pleasure, pride, or satisfaction, often at someone else's expense.
She gloated over her rival's defeat.
synonyms: crow
in·dict
indīt
transitive verb
to bring a formal charge against, as by the findings of a grand jury.
People were shocked when the respected senator was indicted by the grand jury on charges of murder.
There was not enough evidence to indict the woman of the crime, so the police investigation continued.
antonyms: acquit
leg·a·cy
le
noun
money, property, or other goods left to someone in a will.
Her mother's jewelry came to her as a legacy.
synonyms: bequeathal, bequest, estate, inheritance
liv·id
livid
adjective
very angry; full of rage; furious.
When she discovered that he'd taken credit for her idea, she was livid.
synonyms: enraged, furious, infuriated, wrathful
mor·ti·fy
mōrti
transitive verb
to subject (someone) to extreme embarrassment, shame, or humiliation.
That her two tormenting brothers had discovered her secret mortified her.
synonyms: humiliate
pat·ent
patənt
noun
a government grant to an inventor, giving for a specified period the exclusive right to make, use, or sell an invented device, process, or the like.
The inventor has applied for a patent.
pa·tri·arch
trēärk
noun
a usually elderly male leader of a family or tribe.
The tribe sought the advice of the patriarch in all important matters.
whee·dle
dəl
transitive verb
to try to persuade or influence by coaxing or flattery; cajole.
You can wheedle him all you want, but you won't convince him to buy you a car.
synonyms: blandish, cajole, coax, inveigle
author-img
Mr. ‏El-Sayed Ramadan ‎ ‎

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