HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 21

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 HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 21

 HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 21

CONTEXT: The Environment

Thinking like a Mountain 


What does it mean to "think like a mountain"? It means training yourself to think about nature from nature's viewpoint and trying to understand how nature works. In an essay in A Sand Co1111ty Almanac, conservationist Aldo Leopold tells how he learned to do this. As a young forester, Leopold helped kill a wolf family. He thought the killings would increase the deer population. However, when he looked into a dying wolf's eyes, Leopold realized what the mountains already knew-that predators are important, too. From that day on, Leopold started learning how to think like a mountain-and you can, too. 

These ten Vocabulary Words will be used. 

  1. documentary
  2. reprieve
  3. fluctuate
  4. casement
  5. vehement
  6. debut
  7. melancholy
  8. requiem
  9. theoretical
  10. bestride
Each word is provided with its syllables, pronunciation, part of speech, definition, examples, synonyms, and antonyms.


be·stride
strīd
transitive verb
to be astride of; straddle.
case·ment
kāsmənt
noun
a hinged window sash that opens like a door.
de·but (dé·but)
[or]de
noun
a person's first public appearance, as on stage or in concert.
The actor made his film debut playing a minor character.
Her debut at the piano was hailed by the critics.
doc·u·men·ta·ry
dokmen
noun
a film or videotape that explores real facts and events, especially one that includes footage of the events filmed as they occurred.
The World War II documentary showed images of concentration camps and footage of aerial bombardment.
fluc·tu·ate
flukchōōāt
intransitive verb
to vary or change irregularly; rise and fall.
The price of gold continually fluctuates.
My appetite fluctuates; some days I'm hungry all the time and other days I don't feel like eating at all.
synonyms: flutter, vacillate
mel·an·chol·y
melənko
noun
a sad, gloomy, or depressed state or quality.
Melancholy overcame her as her thoughts turned to lost opportunities.
He's fallen into melancholy since his wife's death.
A feeling of melancholy pervaded the household during those difficult times.
synonyms: dejection, depression, gloom
antonyms: exhilaration, mirth
re·prieve
riprēv
transitive verb
to release (someone) temporarily or permanently from planned or impending punishment, pain, or difficulty.
He was to be executed the next morning but received a reprieve when new evidence was uncovered.
req·ui·em
rekwēəm[or]kwēəm
noun
(capitalized) in the Catholic Church, a special ceremony for a dead person.
the·o·ret·i·cal
thēəretikəl
adjective
relating to or consisting of an explanation based on abstract reasoning and speculation rather than facts and evidence; hypothetical.
Psychologists have been working to construct a theoretical model of memory storage and retrieval.
antonyms: clinical, practical
ve·he·ment
əmənt
adjective
intensely emotional; impassioned; heated.
They were surprised by her vehement refusal to answer the question.
synonyms: ardent, fervid, fierce, heated, impassioned, passionate
antonyms: apathetic, mild
author-img
Mr. ‏El-Sayed Ramadan ‎ ‎

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