HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 19

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HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 19


CONTEXT: Civilization

Science Fiction: Into the Future

Science fiction often describes the development and achievements of newly imagined civilizations, but science fiction writing is often not taken very seriously. Many respected science fiction writers, such as Andre Norton, Robert Heinlein, Ursula K. LeCuin, and Ray Bradbury, have addressed problems of the modern world by placing them in futuristic settings or in worlds different from our own. Written in the nineteenth century, Mary Shelley's Frankenstein and Jules Verne's Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea are early and well-respected works of science fiction that speak to our desire for adventure and our need to remember that we are one small part of an enormous universe. 

These ten Vocabulary Words will be used. 

  1. censure
  2. abound
  3. amnesty
  4. rift
  5. admirably
  6. inalienable
  7. bias
  8. timorous
  9. affidavit
  10. diminutive
Each word is provided with its syllables, pronunciation, part of speech, definition, examples, synonyms, and antonyms.


a·bound
əbownd
intransitive verb
to be found or available in a large amount or number.
Rabbits abound in these woods.
synonyms: proliferate, teem
ad·mi·ra·ble
adbəl
adjective
worthy of being admired; excellent.
Their efforts to find a cure for this disease are admirable.
The organization's goals are admirable, but the members lack know-how.
The orchestra gave an admirable performance last night.
synonyms: estimable, valued, worthy
antonyms: abhorrent, abominable, atrocious, contemptible, deplorable, despicable, disgraceful, execrable, heinous, ignominious, monstrous, shameful, sinful, sorry
af·fi·da·vit
afivit
noun
a written statement that is sworn in the presence of an authorized official to be true, used as legal evidence.
The lawyer presented two affidavits to the judge as evidence of the defendant's innocence.
am·nes·ty
amstē
noun
a general pardon given by a government, especially for political offenses.
The government granted amnesty for the deserters.
synonyms: forgiveness, pardon, reprieve
bi·as
is
noun
an inclination or preference that influences judgment; prejudice.
The report showed a strong bias in favor of the factory owners.
The decision reflected bias on the part of the judges.
synonyms: inclination, leaning, narrow-mindedness, partiality, preconception, prejudice, slant, warp
antonyms: disinterest, impartiality
cen·sure
senshər
transitive verb
to criticize or condemn.
The protesters were censured by the government-backed newspapers.
synonyms: condemn, denounce, disapprove, proscribe, reproach, upbraid
antonyms: applaud, commend, praise
di·min·u·tive
dimintiv
adjective
very small; tiny.
The infant wiggled its diminutive toes.
synonyms: Lilliputian, tiny, wee
antonyms: enormous, giant
in·al·ien·a·ble
ināəbəl
adjective
not subject to transfer, surrender, or removal, especially one's rights as a citizen.
rift
rift
noun
a break in social relations, because of a difference of opinion, quarrel, or the like; breach.
An argument over their sons' achievements caused a rift between the two brothers that lasted for years.
synonyms: breach, breakup, rent, rupture, split
tim·or·ous
tirəs
adjective
showing or marked by fear; fearful; timid.
She had always been a timorous child, but performing on stage helped her become more confident.
synonyms: afraid, faint, fearful, frightened, pusillanimous, scared, shy, timid, tremulous
antonyms: assured, confident, fearless

author-img
Mr. ‏El-Sayed Ramadan ‎ ‎

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