HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 18

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HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 18


HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 18
CONTEXT: Civilization

The Revolutions of Mahatma Gandhi 

The name of one man comes immediately to mind when India's struggle for independence is discussed - Mohandas K. Gandhi (1869-1948), also respectfully called Mahatma ("Great Soul") by the Indian people. As a religious and a political leader, Gandhi was a quietly powerful force for Indian independence from Great Britain. Independence came in 1947, in large part due to Gandhi's inspiring personality and his use of nonviolent resistance against British policies and practices. 

These ten Vocabulary Words will be used.
  1. Protocol
  2. Dissent
  3. Pacifists
  4. Ultimatum
  5. Clemency
  6. Mannerism
  7. Inhibition
  8. Meticulous
  9. Submission
  10. Mandatory
Each word is provided with its syllables, pronunciation, part of speech, definition, examples, synonyms, and antonyms.


clem·en·cy
klemən
noun
the inclination to be merciful or forgiving; leniency.
Her heart was filled with clemency toward those who had wronged her.
synonyms: forgiveness, leniency, mercy
antonyms: mercilessness, ruthlessness
dis·sent
disent
intransitive verb
to disagree with or reject something, especially prevailing or official views, doctrines, customs, or the like.
The majority of the justices ruled in favor, while two dissented.
Some economists dissented from the view that the country's economy was headed into recession.
synonyms: object
antonyms: agree, assent, concur
in·hi·bi·tion
inhibishən
noun
the condition of being held back or prevented from acting, as by one's own fear or embarrassment.
He would have liked to tell her all he felt for her, but inhibition prevented him.
man·da·to·ry
man
adjective
ordered; required; obligatory.
There is a mandatory waiting period before one can purchase a gun in some states.
A physical exam is mandatory for all entering students.
synonyms: compulsory, obligatory, required, requisite
antonyms: optional
man·ner·ism
marizəm
noun
a distinctive and habitual behavioral characteristic.
The comedian perfectly imitated all the actress's mannerisms, including the way she covered her mouth when she laughed.
synonyms: idiosyncrasy, quirk, trait
me·tic·u·lous
mitikləs
adjective
carefully attentive to every small detail; painstaking.
He appreciated having a meticulous editor who would pore over his manuscript.
synonyms: careful, conscientious, diligent, exact, fussy, painstaking, picky
antonyms: careless, hit-or-miss, loose, slapdash
pac·i·fist
pasifist
noun
one who opposes war and refuses to practice or acknowledge violence as a way of settling disputes or resisting aggression.
Some pacifists gave up their ideals and joined the fight in World War II.
antonyms: militarist, warmonger
pro·to·col
prōkawl[or]prōkol
noun
the proper or agreed upon way of conducting oneself or of doing something.
Office protocol used to require that managers be addressed by their last name and title.
A new protocol has been established for the evacuation of students during an emergency.
sub·mis·sion
səbmishən
noun
an act of giving up or yielding to the power, will, or authority of another.
synonyms: acquiescence, capitulation, surrender
antonyms: defiance, resistance
ul·ti·ma·tum
ultitəm
noun
a final statement of demands, especially when issued with a threat of action if rejected, as in a diplomatic discussion.
The government issued an ultimatum to the protesters stating that they would be removed by force if they did not disperse immediately.

author-img
Mr. ‏El-Sayed Ramadan ‎ ‎

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