HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 12

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HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 12

HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 12


ap·pease
əpēz
transitive verb
to cause to become calmer or less agitated, especially by satisfying demands or making concessions; placate.
The prime minister hoped to appease the dictator and prevent a full-scale war.
She appeased the howling child with the promise of a new toy.
synonyms: allay, mollify, pacify, placate, quell
antonyms: aggravate, exasperate, provoke
ar·cha·ic
ärik
adjective
having the features or characteristics typical of a much older time; antiquated.
These archaic laws are still on the books in many states.
synonyms: antiquated, antique
balm·y
adjective
soft, mild, and soothing.
They prefer the balmy climate of the South Sea Islands.
synonyms: gentle, mild, pleasant, soothing
antonyms: biting, bitter, cutting
be·guile
gīl
transitive verb
to deceive or cheat by using guile.
Don't be beguiled by his innocent look.
We were beguiled of a large sum of money.
com·mence
mens
transitive verb & intransitive verb
to begin or have a beginning; start.
Classes have already commenced at the university
They commenced their journey on foot.
synonyms: begin, initiate, institute, start
antonyms: conclude, stop
es·pi·o·nage
espēənäzh
noun
the act or practice of spying, especially on behalf of a government or business.
fac·sim·i·le
faksi
noun
an exact copy or duplicate, as of something printed or pictorial; reproduction.
The original document is in the vault; this is just a facsimile.
synonyms: copy, duplicate, reproduction
antonyms: original
in·vin·ci·ble
invinbəl
adjective
too strong to be defeated, overcome, or surmounted.
The invaders claimed victory after victory, and the leaders began to believe themselves invincible.
This mutant strain of bacteria appears to be invincible.
synonyms: indomitable, insuperable, insurmountable, unbeatable, unconquerable
antonyms: vincible, vulnerable
pre·text
prētekst
noun
a false reason or claim put forward to mask one's true motive or aim.
As there was no other way of raising the rent on the tenants' apartment, the landlord used their having a dog as a pretext to evict them.
vig·i·lant
vilənt
adjective
keenly alert and attentive; watchful, especially for danger.
No one got past the vigilant guards.
The family thanked the vigilant nurses who tended their father.
synonyms: alert, attentive, cautious, observant, wary, watchful
antonyms: inattentive

Instruction: Complete these sentences using the words on this list.
appease, archaic, balmy, beguile, commence, facsimile, invincible, pretext
1. The original document is in the vault; this is just a _______________.
2. As there was no other way of raising the rent on the tenants' apartment, the landlord used their having a dog as a _______________ to evict them.
3. The invaders claimed victory after victory, and the leaders began to believe themselves _______________.
4. Don't be _______________ by his innocent look.
5. They prefer the _______________ climate of the South Sea Islands.
6. They _______________ their journey on foot.
7. This mutant strain of bacteria appears to be _______________.
8. These _______________ laws are still on the books in many states.
9. She _______________ the howling child with the promise of a new toy.
10. The prime minister hoped to _______________ the dictator and prevent a full-scale war.


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