HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 8

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HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 8

HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 8




au·ra
aw
noun
the subtle emanation of a quality or condition of someone or something.
She has an aura of absolute confidence.
fab·ri·cate
fabrəkāt
transitive verb
to construct or create.
The knives are fabricated out of stainless steel.
synonyms: construct, create, fashion
im·ped·i·ment
impemənt
noun
an obstacle or hindrance.
Low income should not be an impediment to receiving a good education.
His lack of confidence was an impediment to his advancement in the company.
The island nation's remoteness had long been an impediment to developing trade relations.
synonyms: arrest, bar, barrier, block, delay, encumbrance, handicap, hindrance, obstacle, obstruction, stop
antonyms: aid, assistance, help
me·di·o·cre
ōkər
adjective
of average to poor quality; ordinary.
His early films had been brilliant, but his later ones were sadly mediocre.
He had always been a mediocre student before discovering his interest in physics.
synonyms: indifferent, ordinary, run-of-the-mill, so-so
antonyms: ace, distinguished, excellent, exceptional, nonpareil, outstanding, superior, superlative
op·por·tune
opərtōōn[or]opərtūn
adjective
favorable or suitable, especially in relation to time.
You arrived at an opportune moment.
synonyms: timely
antonyms: ill-timed, inopportune
qualm
kwäm[or]kwawm
noun
a feeling of guilt, doubt, or misgiving.
She had no qualms about taking the money.
synonyms: compunction, doubt, misgiving, scruple
re·ac·tion·ar·y
akshə
adjective
favoring extreme political and social conservatism.
His reactionary views are well-known, and even his conservative friends find them extreme at times.
synonyms: right-wing, ultraconservative
antonyms: liberal, progressive, radical
sta·men
stāmən
noun
the stalklike part of a flower that produces and bears the pollen.
zeal·ous
zeləs
adjective
characterized by, showing, or filled with an intense enthusiasm, as toward a cause, purpose, or activity.
The candidate's zealous supporters worked tirelessly throughout the campaign.
The zealous missionaries were determined to convert the villagers.
synonyms: eager, fervid, perfervid
antonyms: apathetic, indifferent, unenthusiastic
zeph·yr
zefər
noun
a soft breeze.

Instruction: Complete these sentences using the words on this list.
fabricate, impediment, mediocre, opportune, reactionary, zealous
1. The knives are _______________ out of stainless steel.
2. His early films had been brilliant, but his later ones were sadly _______________.
3. You arrived at an _______________ moment.
4. The candidate's _______________ supporters worked tirelessly throughout the campaign.
5. He had always been a _______________ student before discovering his interest in physics.
6. His lack of confidence was an _______________ to his advancement in the company.
7. His _______________ views are well-known, and even his conservative friends find them extreme at times.
8. The _______________ missionaries were determined to convert the villagers.

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