HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 10

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HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 10

HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 10


en·com·pass
enkumpis
transitive verb
to surround or enclose.
A large, new stadium encompasses the playing field.
Several layers of atmosphere encompass the planet.
synonyms: enclose, envelop, surround
derived forms: encompassment(n.)
im·plac·a·ble
implabəl
adjective
not to be pacified or diverted; unappeasable or inexorable.
The implacable will of the ruling party gradually demoralized the opposition.
antonyms: placable
derived forms: implacably(adv.), implacability(n.), implacableness(n.)
in·cen·tive
insentiv
noun
something that motivates one to work or act.
The Army offers various incentives to enlist.
The competition gave the students an incentive to read more books.
synonyms: enticement, inducement, motivation, stimulant
antonyms: deterrent, disincentive
mil·i·tant
mitənt
adjective
aggressive or combative in attitude or actions, especially in defense of a cause.
Many people feared violence as the anti-government protesters were becoming more militant.
synonyms: aggressive
derived forms: militantly(adv.), militance(n.), militancy(n.)
piv·o·tal
pitəl
adjective
critically important or crucial; on which something is contingent.
The role that he played in the negotiations was pivotal; without his involvement, little would have been achieved.
synonyms: central, critical, crucial, important
derived forms: pivotally(adv.)
pos·tu·late
poschəlāt
transitive verb
to assert as something true, especially as a basis for reasoning.
If we postulate that early humans had this knowledge, then it seems likely that they would have developed tools to take advantage of it.
synonyms: hypothesize, theorize
derived forms: postulational(adj.), postulation(n.)
ret·ri·bu·tion
retrishən
noun
repayment for one's actions, especially punishment for evil.
The public were demanding retribution for the crime, and therefore the suspect had to be heavily guarded.
synonyms: deserts, requital, retaliation, revenge, vengeance
strin·gent
strinjənt
adjective
rigorous or exacting; strict.
Day care centers must maintain the stringent standards of cleanliness set by the state.
The school has stringent requirements for graduation.
synonyms: demanding, exacting, rigid, rigorous, strict
antonyms: lax
derived forms: stringently(adv.)
tran·scend
transend
transitive verb
to go beyond or rise above (a common limitation).
The two soldiers developed a special bond that transcended ordinary friendship.
Her intense determination helped her transcend her physical limitations.
synonyms: surpass
derived forms: transcendingly(adv.)
tran·si·to·ry
transi[or]tranzi
adjective
lasting for only a short time; brief.
She hoped her son's interest in this strange girl would be transitory.
antonyms: permanent
derived forms: transitorily(adv.), transitoriness(n.)

Instruction: Complete these sentences using the words on this list.
encompass, implacable, incentive, pivotal, postulate, retribution, stringent, transitory
1. The role that he played in the negotiations was _______________; without his involvement, little would have been achieved.
2. If we _______________ that early humans had this knowledge, then it seems likely that they would have developed tools to take advantage of it.
3. The Army offers various _______________ to enlist.
4. She hoped her son's interest in this strange girl would be _______________.
5. The public were demanding _______________ for the crime, and therefore the suspect had to be heavily guarded.
6. Day care centers must maintain the _______________ standards of cleanliness set by the state.
7. The _______________ will of the ruling party gradually demoralized the opposition.
8. The competition gave the students an _______________ to read more books.
9. A large, new stadium _______________ the playing field.
10. Several layers of atmosphere _______________ the planet.



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