HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 11

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HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 11

HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 11




au·ton·o·my
awto
noun
freedom and independence; self-governance.
The small nation fought hard to achieve autonomy from its colonial rulers.
Most children eventually want autonomy even while they are still highly dependent on their parents.
synonyms: freedom, independence
be·siege
bisēj
transitive verb
to surround with enemy forces; lay siege to.
The army besieged the city.
synonyms: beleaguer, siege
dev·as·ta·tion
destāshən
noun
the act or an instance of destroying or ruining, or the destruction or ruin thus caused.
synonyms: destruction, havoc, ravages, ruin, waste
in·clem·ent
inklemənt
adjective
of weather, violent or disagreeable.
The inclement weather made the voyage hazardous and miserable.
antonyms: clement, fair
lat·i·tude
latitōōd
noun
the angular distance between the equator and a point north or south on the earth's surface, as measured in degrees.
New York City and Madrid are located at the same latitude above the equator.
per·se·ver·ance
purrəns
noun
steadfast continuance in a course of action, task, or belief.
She was rewarded for her perseverance when, after many failed attempts, she finally broke the world record.
pre·car·i·ous
priəs
adjective
so unstable or insecure as to be dangerous; risky.
He looks in a precarious position balancing on that log.
synonyms: dangerous, dicey, perilous, risky, shaky, touch-and-go, treacherous, unstable
antonyms: safe
vul·ner·a·ble
vulbəl
adjective
being capable of being hurt or injured; having weakness.
These plants are delicate and highly vulnerable to frost.
Abuse from his father as a child had left him feeling vulnerable as an adult.
The candidates want people to believe that they are strong and not vulnerable.
synonyms: defenseless
antonyms: invincible, invulnerable, safe, strong
wane
wān
intransitive verb
of the moon, to gradually decrease in the size of the portion that is illuminated, as seen from the earth. (Cf. wax2).
As the moon wanes, it appears to become smaller.
synonyms: decrease, diminish, dwindle
antonyms: grow, swell, wax
wreak
rēk
transitive verb
to inflict or carry out (punishment, revenge, destruction, or the like).
The storm wreaked havoc on the coastal towns.
The war wreaked destruction over the entire region.
The tsar wreaked punishment on those nobles who had opposed him.

Instruction: Complete these sentences using the words on this list.
autonomy, besiege, inclement, perseverance, precarious, vulnerable, wane, wreak
1. The small nation fought hard to achieve _______________ from its colonial rulers.
2. He looks in a _______________ position balancing on that log.
3. She was rewarded for her _______________ when, after many failed attempts, she finally broke the world record.
4. Most children eventually want _______________ even while they are still highly dependent on their parents.
5. The war _______________ destruction over the entire region.
6. The army _______________ the city.
7. As the moon _______________, it appears to become smaller.
8. The storm _______________ havoc on the coastal towns.
9. The _______________ weather made the voyage hazardous and miserable.
10. These plants are delicate and highly _______________ to frost.


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