HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 6

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HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 6

HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 6



as·cer·tain
asərtān
transitive verb
to come to know (some information) with complete certainty, especially through a process of investigation; determine.
The medical examiner has not yet ascertained the cause of death.
Somehow the press ascertained that the prince had plans to marry.
The police are trying to ascertain how the thief entered the building.
synonyms: determine
a·tro·cious
ətrōshis
adjective
exceptionally evil, ruthless, or brutal.
The bomb attack was an atrocious crime that killed many innocent people.
synonyms: abominable, bad, barbarous, brutal, evil, heinous, horrible, monstrous, nefarious, ruthless, terrible
antonyms: admirable, humane, kindly
com·pas·sion
kəmpashən
noun
a feeling of sharing another's suffering, prompting a desire to relieve that suffering; commiseration; clemency.
Her compassion for the orphans led her to look for ways to help them.
The ship's captain was a brutal man with no compassion.
synonyms: caritas, heart, kindness, mercy, pity, sympathy, tenderness, understanding
antonyms: cruelty, heartlessness
com·po·sure
kəmzhər
noun
calmness of mind or manner; self-possession.
Incredibly, she kept her composure throughout the humiliating ordeal.
synonyms: aplomb, calm, equanimity, sang-froid, self-possession, serenity
antonyms: abandon, alarm, consternation, perturbation
de·te·ri·o·rate
ditērēərāt
intransitive verb
to decline or become inferior in value or quality; debase.
Since she started smoking, her health has deteriorated.
Due to neglect, the condition of the property is deteriorating.
Our friendship has deteriorated as a result of our political differences.
The situation had deteriorated to the point where the two nations were on the brink of war.
antonyms: ameliorate, improve
in·sip·id
insipid
adjective
having a bland or uninteresting flavor; tasteless.
Every day at the hospital, they served some kind of insipid soup.
synonyms: flavorless, savorless, tasteless, vapid
antonyms: robust, sapid, savory, tasty
la·ment
ment
transitive verb
to mourn for or regret.
She lamented the loss of her youth.
Do you ever lament your decision to quit your high-paying job?
He still laments that he did not complete his education.
We strongly lament that you were treated in this manner by one of our hotel staff.
synonyms: bemoan, bewail, deplore, mourn, regret, rue, wail
antonyms: celebrate
loathe
th
transitive verb
to dislike extremely; hate; abhor.
He loathed his job, but finding another seemed impossible.
He loathed the woman's little yapping dog.
She loathes winter driving.
The children loathed living with their aunt, but they had no choice.
synonyms: abhor, abominate, despise, execrate, hate
antonyms: adore, love
pains·tak·ing
pānstāking
adjective
involving or using great care and detailed and diligent attention; meticulous.
The tomb was uncovered through a painstaking effort of archaeologists.
The excellence of the English version of the novel is due to the work of a painstaking translator.
synonyms: exact, meticulous
antonyms: cursory, effortless, slapdash, slipshod
re·press
ripres
transitive verb
to restrain or prevent the expression of (feelings, utterances, or the like).
His strict parents taught him never to cry and in general to repress his feelings.
She could no longer repress her fears, and she confided them to her sister.
synonyms: bottle up, control, hold, restrain, stifle, subdue, suppress
antonyms: express, gratify

HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 6  Worksheet

Instruction: Complete these sentences using the words on this list.
atrocious, compassion, composure, lament, loathe, painstaking, repress
1. The ship's captain was a brutal man with no _______________.
2. She _______________ winter driving.
3. The tomb was uncovered through a _______________ effort of archaeologists.
 4. Do you ever _______________ your decision to quit your high-paying job?
5. He still _______________ that he did not complete his education.
6. Incredibly, she kept her _______________ throughout the humiliating ordeal.
7. She _______________ the loss of her youth.
8. He _______________ his job, but finding another seemed impossible.
9. The bomb attack was an _______________ crime that killed many innocent people.
10. She could no longer _______________ her fears, and she confided them to her sister.




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