HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 16

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HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 16

HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 16

CONTEXT: Civilization 

The Islamic World: A.D. 600-1300 

In the Middle East in the seventh century A.D., the Arabs developed a dynamic culture that over­shadowed that of Europe until the twelfth century. At the center of Arabic culture was the religion of Islam. The founder of this religion was Mohammed (570-632), a spiritual, military, and political leader. He began uniting his followers, known as Muslims, under one faith. Mohammed's successors expanded Islam across North Africa to Europe in the west and to Asia in the east. 

These ten Vocabulary Words will be used.

  1. Quantitative
  2. Zenith
  3. Astute
  4. Recur
  5. Conducive
  6. Erratic
  7. Mosques
  8. Pastoral
  9. Requisite
  10. Aptitude



ap·ti·tude
aptōōd
noun
ability to learn quickly.
synonyms: aptness, cleverness, facility, quickness, sharpness
related words: capability, craft, ease, feel, flair, forte, intelligence, power, talent, tendency, touch, understanding
as·tute
əstōōt
adjective
keen in understanding and judgment; shrewd.
Complicated legal issues are involved, and you'll need an astute lawyer if you have any hope of winning.
The professor was impressed with the student's astute interpretation of the essay.
antonyms: gullible, obtuse, stupid
related words: acute, agile, artful, biting, clever, foxy, hardheaded, judicious, keen, perceptive, quick-witted, reasonable, sage, sharp, sound, understanding, wise
con·du·cive
kəndōōsiv
adjective
tending to produce or cause (usually followed by "to").
For some people, soft music is conducive to sleep.
Encountering the same information on multiple occasions is conducive to remembering it.
antonyms: prohibitive
related words: propitious
er·rat·ic
iratik
adjective
not occurring predictably or consistently; unpredictable.
His erratic attendance does not instill confidence.
erratic flooding.
synonyms: irregular, sporadic, unpredictable
antonyms: predictable, regular, unvarying
related words: bizarre, flighty, freak, irresponsible, mercurial, moody, occasional, uncertain, unstable
mosque
mosk
noun
a Muslim place of worship.
pas·to·ral
pastərəl
adjective
of or relating to the country or country life; rural.
She liked to paint pastoral scenes with meadows, streams, and fields with cows grazing.
synonyms: rural
antonyms: urban
related words: agrarian, churlish, clerical, ecclesiastical, rural, spiritual
quan·ti·ta·tive
kwäntitiv
adjective
of, concerning, or capable of being measured or expressed as, a quantity.
re·cur
rikur
intransitive verb
to occur another time or repeatedly.
related words: return, revive, revolve
req·ui·site
rekwizit
adjective
required or essential.
If you've done the requisite reading and assignments, you should pass the exam easily.
synonyms: compulsory, essential, necessary, needed, needful, obligatory, required
antonyms: optional
related words: compulsory, involuntary, unavoidable
ze·nith
nith
noun
the highest point; climax; peak.
The popularity of the band was at its zenith in the late sixties.
synonyms: acme, apex, apogee, climax, culmination, meridian, peak, pinnacle, vertex
antonyms: nadir
related words: bloom, glory, tip
author-img
Mr. ‏El-Sayed Ramadan ‎ ‎

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