HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 14

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HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 14

HOLT Vocabulary Workshop Fourth Course - Lesson 14

CONTEXT: Civilization

What Was the Black Death? 

The Black Death, you might think, is the name of an evil creature in a horror film. It was, however, something far worse because it was real. The name itself suggests its true nature: The Black Death is the term given to the destructive plague that raged across Asia, the Middle East, and Europe during the fourteenth century. This disease killed millions-in Europe alone, as much as a third of the popula­tion may have fallen to the contagious, deadly illness. 

These ten Vocabulary Words will be used.
  1. Canine 
  2. Ossify 
  3. Meager 
  4. Ravage 
  5. Influx 
  6. Defunct 
  7. Perceive 
  8. Bourgeois 
  9. Apex 
  10. Obliterate
Each word is provided with its syllables, pronunciation, part of speech, definition, examples, synonyms, and antonyms.


a·pex
āpeks
noun
the uppermost point; tip; summit; vertex.
Wind erosion has smoothed the apex of the pyramid.
Few climbers have reached the apex of the peak.
synonyms: pinnacle, tip, top, vertex, zenith
antonyms: base, bottom
bour·geois
bōōrzhwo
adjective
of, related to, or characteristic of the middle class.
Bourgeois women began to emulate the manners of the upper class.
Bourgeois attitudes toward extra-marital affairs tended to be more conservative.
synonyms: middle-class
ca·nine
nīn
adjective
of, related to, or similar to dogs, foxes, and wolves.
This wolf is the largest of the canine species.
She's studying canine behavior at present.
de·funct
difungkt
adjective
no longer in existence or use; dead; extinct.
The tracks remain in this area although the railroad is defunct.
Curtsying appears to be a defunct custom in the United States.
synonyms: dead, extinct, obsolete
antonyms: living, operational, surviving
in·flux
influks
noun
the act or an instance of flowing in.
With the influx of water over the parched land, the growing season begins again.
antonyms: outflow
mea·ger
gər
adjective
low in quantity, extent, strength, or richness; scanty or feeble.
With meager funds, the project had to be stopped.
The poor subsist on a meager diet consisting mainly of rice.
synonyms: exiguous, inadequate, insufficient, low, poor, scant, scanty, slim
antonyms: abundant, ample, bountiful, copious, handsome, lavish, lush, profuse, sturdy
ob·lit·er·ate
əblirāt
transitive verb
to erase or make unrecognizable by erasing.
Harsh weather had obliterated the statue's features.
synonyms: erase, expunge
os·si·fy
osi
intransitive verb
to become inflexible or rigid, as in thought or behavior.
He had been an innovator, but he has since ossified and become intolerant of new ideas.
per·ceive
pərsēv
transitive verb
to become aware of by means of the senses.
The students are learning how the brain perceives sound.
The dog perceived a change in its owner and became alarmed.
If we smell something continually over a length of time, eventually we no longer perceive it.
She perceived something moving--perhaps a scorpion?--over the top of her blanket.
synonyms: detect, discern, distinguish, know, notice, observe, sense
rav·age
ravij
transitive verb
to damage or destroy, as by violent action.
The invaders ravaged the village
The forest fire ravaged the hillside.
synonyms: destroy, devastate, lay waste, ruin, waste, wreck
author-img
Mr. ‏El-Sayed Ramadan ‎ ‎

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